Foundation in Science Programme

(BIO 016) BIOLOGY 1

SCHEME OF WORK

BIOLOGY 1 (BIO 016)

 

WEEK

TOPICS

NOTES

 

 

1

1.0    Introduction to the living organism

(4hr)

 

 

 

1.1  Diversity of life

 

 

 

 

1.2  Concept of unity of life

 

 

 

 

1.3  Systematics

 

 

 

 

1.4  Importance of biological diversity

 

 

 

1.5  Units of measurements in biology

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2.0  Cell structure and Organelles

(12hrs)

 

 

 

2.1  Cell theory

 

 

 

 

2.2  Prokaryotic Cell

 

 

 

 

2.3  Eukaryotic Cell

 

 

 

 

2.4  Cell Wall (plant cell),cell     membrane and

 

 

 

      cytoplsm: structure,       function & distribution

 

 

 

2.4.1  cell wall (plant) 

 

 

 

 

2.4.2  cell membrane

 

 

 

 

2.4.3  cytoplasm and cytosol

 

 

 

 

2.4.4  organelles

 

 

 

 

2.5  Techniques in Cytology (to be explained in practical)

(2hrs)

 

 

 

2.5.1  Microscopy study : light &electron microscope

 

 

 

2.5.2  Centrifugation

 

 

 

 

2.5.3  Electrophoresis

 

 

 

 

2.6  Specialized Cells

 

(2hrs)

 

 

 

2.6.1  Plants

 

 

 

 

2.6.2  Animals

 

 

 

 

       i) Epithelium cell

 

 

 

 

     ii) Nerve cell

 

 

 

 

   iii) Muscle cell

 

 

 

 

   iv) Bone, cartilage, blood

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.0  Chemistry of Life

 

 

 

 

(8hrs)

 

 

 

3.1  Physical, chemical properties and physiological role

 

 

 

3.1.1  Water

 

 

 

 

3.1.2  Carbohydrates

 

 

 

 

3.1.3  Lipids

 

 

 

 

3.1.4  Proteins

 

 

 

 

3.1.5  Nucleic Acids: DNA and RNA

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

4.0  Transport across Membrane

(5 hrs)

 

 

 

4.1  Passive transport

 

 

 

 

4.2  Active transport

 

 

 

 

4.3  Pinocytosis and phagocytosis

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

5.0  Biocatalysis

 

 

(6 hrs)

 

 

 

5.1  Basic thermodynamics

 

 

 

 

5.2  Enzymes

 

 

 

 

5.2.1  Properties of enzymes

 

 

 

 

5.2.2  Mechanism - activation energy

 

 

 

5.2.3  Co factors

 

 

 

 

5.2.4  Inhibitions

 

 

 

 

5.2.5  Enzymes classification acording to IUB

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

6.0  Cell Respiration

 

(7 hrs)

 

 

 

6.1  Respiration

 

 

 

 

6.2  Aerobic respiration

 

 

 

 

6.2.1  Gycolysis

 

 

 

 

6.2.2  Kreb cycle

 

 

 

 

6.2.3  Electron transport chain

 

 

 

 

6.2.4  ATP production

 

 

 

 

6.3  Anaerobic respiration

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

7.0  Photosynthesis

 

(7 hrs)

 

 

 

7.1  Photosynthesis

 

 

 

 

7.2  Chloroplast

 

 

 

 

7.3  the light dependent reaction

 

 

 

7.4  the light independent reaction (Calvin cycle)in C3 & C4 plants

(7 hrs)

 

 

 

7.5  factors that limit rate of photosynthesis

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

8.0  Nutrition

 

 

(2 hrs)

 

 

 

8.1  Autotroph

 

 

 

 

8.2 Heterotroph

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

9.0  Gaseous exchange and its control

(6 hrs)

 

 

 

9.1  Gaseous exchange

 

 

 

 

9.2  Control

 

 

 

 

9.2.1  Stomata 

 

 

 

 

9.2.2 Lenticles

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

10.0  Transport

 

 

(6 hrs)

 

 

 

10.1  transport and control in human

 

 

 

10.1.1  the heart and control

 

 

 

 

10.1.2  Lymphatic system

 

 

 

 

10.1.3  Cardiovascular diseases

 

 

 

10.2  Transport in plant

 

 

 

 

10.2.1  Xylem

 

 

 

 

10.2.2  phloem

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

11.0  Homeostasis

 

 

(5 hrs)

 

 

 

11.1  Concept of homeostasis

 

 

 

 

11.2  liver

 

 

 

 

11.3  kidney

 

 

 

 

11.4  water concentration in plants

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

12.0  The nervous system

 

(7 hrs)

 

 

 

12.1  nervous system

 

 

 

 

12.2  impulses transmission

 

 

 

 

12.3  structure of te synapse

 

 

 

 

12.4  neuromuscular junction

 

 

 

 

12.5  the autonomic system (ANS)

 

 

 

12.6  Drug abuse junction

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

13.0  Hormone

 

 

(4 hrs)

 

 

 

13.1  Human

 

 

 

 

13.2  Plants

 

 

 

 

13.3  Pytochrome and the effects of light on plant development

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

14.0  Immunity

 

 

(5 hrs)

 

 

 

14.1  Defination

 

 

 

 

14.2  Lymphatic system

 

 

 

 

14.3  Acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS)